As a committed and passionate coach, you probably care deeply about the success of your team. But how do you define “success” for your team? Different coaches define “success” in various ways. For some it may be an undefeated season. For others, it may be seeing skill and character development in their players or team. For others still, it may be a fun season where strong relationships were built. No matter the different ways to define it, all coaches must be effectivein order to reach their specific idea of success. Below is a working model of coaching effectiveness that provides an outline of the antecedent factors that affect or determine a coach’s behavior in addition to the way a coach’s behavior can affect the performance and psychosocial growth and development of athletes (Horn, 2008).
Box 1: Sociocultural Context
Box 2: Organizational Climate
Box 3: Coaches’ personal characteristics
Box 4: Coaches’ expectancies, values, beliefs, and goals
Box 5: Coaches’ behavior
Box 6: Athletes’ performance and behavior
Box 7: Athletes’ personal characteristics
Box 8: Athletes’ perceptions, interpretation, and evaluation of their coaches’ behavior
Box 9: Athletes’ self-perceptions, beliefs, and attitudes
Box 10: Athletes’ level and type of motivation
This model highlights three main points: 1) coaches’ behavior in athletic contexts does not occur in a vacuum, rather preceding factors can explain the types of behavior coaches exhibit in an athletic context, 2) coaches’ behavior effects athletes’ performance and behavior both directly and indirectly, and 3) the effectiveness of different coaching behaviors will be mediated by situational and individual difference variables (Horn, 2008). This model does a good job at emphasizing the fact that a coach’s effectiveness is due to many factors and how they interact with and affect one another, not just what a coach does. It is crucial to remember that as you work on becoming more and more effective as a coach to not just focus on your behavior in an athletic context, but to learn more about yourself, your athletes, your surroundings, and how these things interact with and affect one another.