// Theories

Self efficacy in sport and exercise: Determining effort, persistence and performance

A complex process of self appraisals and self persuasion form the basis of judgements that individuals create with regards to whether they believe they […]

Written by Sarah Griffiths 6 minute read

ACL injury in elite female footballers: Psychological risks successful transition

Research within sport psychology highlights and emphasises the potentially stressful nature of sports participation (e.g., Fletcher, Hanton & Mellalieu, 2006; Fletcher, Hanton Mellalieu & […]

Written by Chris Lynch 3 minute read

Sports confidence theory

Vealey (1986) proposed a sport specific theory of confidence, she defined sport confidence as `the belief or degree of certainty individuals possess about their […]

Written by Sidd Sampla 2 minute read

Performance profiling in sport

Performance profiling is a valuable technique, used to identify and organise training, preparation and the development of an individual (Richards, 2008). This technique can […]

Written by Joe Wingfield 3 minute read

Dealing with stress in athletes

It is common knowledge that people get stressed, any one person can suffer stress for numerous different reasons; work, studies, social situations, family situations, […]

Written by Alex Robinson 2 minute read

The impact of hope and optimism in sport

Much research within the sport psychology field looks at how our minds can lead to be detrimental on our performance. Instead of focusing on […]

Written by Amy Rew 2 minute read

Motivation in sport

Dwight Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States, once said that “motivation is the art of getting people to do what you want […]

Written by Valerie Dennehy 3 minute read

Psychos in Sport

Psychopathy is a personality style that refers to certain effective and interpersonal traits such as selfishness, self-centeredness and a lack of empathy. Psychopathy is […]

Written by Charles Gardiner 2 minute read

Aggression and level of contact within sport

Aggression is the display of an intentionally harmful physical action, rather than a cognitive or affective state (Tod, Thatcher & Rahman, 2010). It takes […]

Written by Luci Smith 2 minute read

The MAC approach to sport performance enhancement

Frank Gardner and Zella Moore (2001) developed the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) approach to sport performance enhancement in a response to the absence of research supporting […]

Written by Mitch Plemmons 2 minute read

Importance of the coach-athlete relationship

Sports performance is determined by many factors. According to Serpa (1999), and the trends from the literature, the coach-athlete relationship is an important factor […]

Written by Tracy Donachie 2 minute read

The ACT hexaflex applied to sport

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) (Hayes, Strosahl, & Wilson, 1999) is a treatment approach that views experiential avoidance, inflexible attentional processes and reduced attempts […]

Written by Mitch Plemmons 3 minute read

Is it always better to exercise with other people?

The internet is filled with great advice from well-meaning advocates of exercise and the consensus is clear – if you want to have the […]

Written by Richard Fryer 2 minute read

Coaching Style: Fierce vs Friendly

It has long been said in the media that different coaches have different styles of coaching. The question is, what does this really mean? […]

Written by Ben Sheath 2 minute read

An introduction to information processing system , memory and its role in sports.

Information processing system focuses on how we deal with the vast amount of information that is available to us when we are performing skills. […]

Written by Sidd Sampla 3 minute read

The effect of anxiety on world cup penalty shootouts.

Many international footballers have missed penalties in FIFA World Cups over the years. Whether it be Italy’s Roberto Baggio in the 1994 final; or […]

Written by Henry Woodward 4 minute read

Brazil 2014: Penalty Shootouts: They’re just a lottery… right?

So for once, England’s fate will  not be decided by penalties in the World Cup. Their early exit at the group stage has saved as the […]

Written by Darren Britton 3 minute read

Brazil 2014: Home Advantage – Does it count?

The World Cup 2014 is upon us and all eyes will be on the host nation Brazil. The purpose of this article is to […]

Written by Gobinder Gill 2 minute read

Brazil 2014: The Perfect Penalty

Penalites. It is one of the cruellest methods of deciding a victor in any sport. Both ecstasy and agony in a heartbeat. A hero […]

Written by Ross Methven 4 minute read

How can music influence performance

Music plays an important role in people’s everyday lives (Rentfrow & Gosling, 2003). Music plays a role in the sport and exercise domain. In […]

Written by Valerie Dennehy 2 minute read